Sunday, September 4, 2011

Arachnology Definition "spider"

Arachnology is the scientific study of spiders and related animals such as scorpions,pseudoscorpions, harvestmen, collectively called arachnids. However, the study of ticks and mitesis sometimes not included in arachnology, but is called Acarology. Those who study spiders and other arachnids are arachnologists.
The word arachnology derives from Greek  "spider"; and -logia.

Arachnology as a science
Arachnologists are primarily responsible for classifying arachnids and studying aspects of their biology. In the popular imagination they are sometimes referred to as 'spider experts'. Disciplines within arachnology include naming species and determining their evolutionary relationships to one another (taxonomy and systematics), studying how they interact with other members of their species and/or their environment (behavioural ecology), or how they are distributed in different regions and habitats (faunistics). Other arachnologists carry out research into the anatomy or physiology of arachnids, including the venom of spiders and scorpions. Others study the impact of spiders in agricultural ecosystems and whether they can be used as biological control agents
Popular arachnology
In the 1970s, arachnids - particularly tarantulas - started to become popular as exotic pets. Many tarantulas thus become more widely known by their common names such as the Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi).
Various societies now focus on the husbandry, care, study and captive breeding of tarantulas, and other arachnids. They also typically produce journals or newsletters with articles and advice on these subjects. Examples would be:
  • American Tarantula Society
  • British Tarantula Society
  • Deutsche Arachnologische Gesellschaft


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